The Future of the Regional Bells


End Notes

1 Telecommunications Act of 1996. Pub. LA. No. 104-104, 110 Stat. 56. 1996. Codified at 47 U.S.C. §§ 151 et seq., West Supp. 1997. 11 Mar 2002 This act also addressed other areas including deregulating cable TV networks, but we are concerned here with its impact on the telephone networks.

2 List from Eileen deArmon, Director of Marketing, World Wide Packets, American Public Power Association, provided to David Isenberg's SMART Letter. Online newsletter. No. 68. March 17, 2002. 17 March 2002

3 Dark fiber is defined in The Telecosm Glossary: An Opinionated Lexicon, 2nd Edition, Gilder Technology Group, Inc. 1999, as: 1) Fiber optic cable that has been installed, but is not presently connected to opto-electronic equipment. 2) Fiber that has been installed without opto-electronic equipment by one company, but is later fitted with the equipment by a second party that leases the fiber from the installing company. 6 Mar 2002

4 Updates on telecommunications-related legislative activity is tracked on the Washington Internet Project's website.

5 More detailed information on how politics is funded by industry contributions is found on the Center for Responsive Politics' website, in their Communications/Electronics sector.

6 Behr, Ira Stephen, and Kevin Ryan. The Ferengi Rules of Acquisition. New York: Pocket Books, 1995. 66.

7 Leiner, Barry M., Cerf, Vinton G., Clark, David D., Kahn, Robert E., Kleinrock, Leonard, Lynch, Daniel C., Postel, Jon, Roberts, Larry G., Wolff, Stephen. "A Brief History of the Internet." 27 January 2002

8 Dumb network, defined. 14 March 2002 The term "dumb network" was first coined by George Gilder, and "stupid network" by David Isenberg.

9 Contrast the open architecture of the Internet with the voice-specific nature of the telephone network.

10 United States v Associated Press. 326 US 1, 20. 1945.

11 "Projects - Reinventing the Public Domain: Making Intellectual Property Law Serve Democracy, Science and Culture." Public Knowledge website. 25 April 2002

12 Benkler, Yochai. "From Consumers to Users: Shifting the Deeper Structures of Regulation Toward Sustainable Commons and User Access." Federal Communications Law Journal. Vol 52, No 3, p 564. 17 Mar 2002

13 "Trends in Telephone Service." FCC, Industry Analysis Division, Common Carrier Bureau. August 2001. 24 March 2002

14 Googin, Roxane. "How Networking Advances Screwed Up the Economy." Online newsletter. David S. Isenberg's SMART Letter, No. 64, Dec 16, 2001. 11 March 2002

15 Mehta, Stephanie N. "Why Telecom Crashed." Fortune. November 27, 2000. 29 March 2002

16 SBC Investor Briefings. 3rd Quarter, 2001. 12 March 2002

17 SBC Investor Briefings. 4th Quarter, 2001. 12 March 2002

18 BellSouth Financials. 4th Quarter, 2001. 15 March 2002

19 BellSouth Financials. 4th Quarter, 2001.

20 Verizon's Investor area. Company web site. 15 March 2002

21 "Qwest Communications Reports Fourth Quarter, Year-End 2001 Results." Qwest press release. Jan 29, 2002. 15 March 2002

22 "Qwest's Loss Widens Amid Huge Merger-Related Charges; Results Match Expectations." Dow Jones Business News. July 24, 2001. 15 March 2002

23 Barboza, David and Feder, Barnaby J. "Enron's Swap With Qwest Is Questioned." New York Times. Mar. 29, 2002. 29 March 2002

24 Colvin, Geoffrey. "The Great CEO Pay Heist: Tables." Fortune. June 25, 2001. 29 Mar 2002

25 Insider & Form 144 Filings - NACCHIO, JOSEPH P. From Yahoo Finance web site. 25 April 200

26 Qwest 10K for 2001. 2 April 2002

27 Mehta, Stephanie N. "Why Telecom Crashed."

28 Googin, Roxane. April 10 panel discussion. Pulver's Voice on the Net Conference. Seattle WA, April 8-11, 2002.

29 Lewis, Mark. "The Dominoes Keep Falling in Telecom." Forbes. Apr. 2, 2002. 3 April 2002

About the Author

Judi Clark is currently a law student and President of ManyMedia, a Graphics Communication and Information Services Consultancy. She is also the force behind, and a member of the NetAction Advisory Board. She has been an instructor in the University of California, Santa Cruz's corporate training department, past treasurer and member of the Board of Directors of Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility (CPSR), and served on the Steering Committee for several annual Computers, Freedom, and Privacy (CPF) conferences. She has been involved with many professional and businesswomen's conferences and web sites, and is creator of the Role Model Project for Girls.

May 2002

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