Our Stake in Cyberspace

The Future of the Internet and Communication As We Know It


  1. Leiner, Barry M., Vinton G. Cerf, David D. Clark, Robert E. Kahn, Leonard Kleinrock, Daniel C. Lynch, Jon Postel, Larry G. Roberts, Stephen Wolff. A Brief History of the Internet. August 4, 2000. November 17, 2002 <http://www.isoc.org/internet/history/brief.shtml>.

  2. Dumb network, defined, <http://www.commWeb.com/encyclopedia/search?term=dumbnetwork>. The term "dumb network" was first coined by George Gilder, and "stupid network" by David Isenberg.

  3. Werbach, Kevin. Personal Weblog. August 21 , 2002. September 16, 2002 <http://werbach.com/blog/2002/08/21.html>.

  4. Lemos, Robert. ZDNet News. "Spam hits 36 percent of e-mail traffic." August 29, 2002. November 17, 2002 <http://zdnet.com.com/2100-1106-955859.html>.

  5. American Library Association. "Libraries, the Internet and Filtering Fact Sheet." October 16, 2002. November 17, 2002 <http://www.ala.org/alaorg/oif/librariesfact.html>.

  6. Turner Broadcasting's Jamie Kellner, in his interview with author Staci Kramer, states that viewers have a contract with the broadcasters to watch commercials, and that not doing so is theft. Kramer, Staci D. "Content's King." Cableworld. April 29, 2002. 2 May 2002 <http://www.inside.com/product/product.asp?entity=CableWorld&pf_ID=7A2ACA71-FAAD-41FC-A100-0B8A11C30373>. For more on this and related legal activities, see archives at the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF). "Intellectual Property - Video and DVD - Paramount v. ReplayTV case" Archive. June 3, 2002. November 17, 2002 <http://www.eff.org/IP/Video/Paramount_v_ReplayTV/>.

  7. The Constitution of the United States. September 5, 2002 <http://www.archives.gov/exhibit_hall/charters_of_freedom/constitution/constitution.html>.

  8. His Holiness The Dalai Lama, with Ouaki, Fabien. Imagine All the People. Wisdom Publications. Somerville MA. 1999. p3.

  9. Congress May Constitutionally Extend The Term of Copyrights. Copyright Extension Web site. September 2, 2002 <http://www.copyrightextension.org/page09.html>.

  10. Samuels, Edward. The Public Domain In Copyright Law. 41 Journal of the Copyright Society 137 (1993). September 7, 2002 <http://www.nyls.edu/samuels/copyright/beyond/articles/public.html>.

  11. Gross, Robin D. Understanding Your Rights: Copyright Protection on the Internet. Electronic Frontier Foundation.
    September 3, 2002 <http://www.eff.org/cafe/gross2.html>.

  12. Concepts: Public Domain. Creative Commons. September 2, 2002 <http://www.creativecommons.org/concepts/>.

  13. U.S. Supreme Court, granting certiorari. Reference #01-618. Eldred, Eric, et al. v. Ashcroft, Attorney General. November 17, 2002 <http://www.supremecourtus.gov/orders/courtorders/021902pzor.pdf>. A transcript of oral arguments is available at <http://www.supremecourtus.gov/oral_arguments/argument_transcripts/01-618.pdf>.

  14. Goldberg, Godles, Wiener & Wright. Communications Law and Regulation: Historical Background. FindLaw. 1999. September 4, 2002

  15. Goldberg, Godles, Wiener & Wright. Communications Law and Regulation: Introduction to the FCC. FindLaw. 1999. September 4, 2002 <http://profs.lp.findlaw.com/communicate/communicate_2.html>.

  16. For more background on common carriage and the threats by private and contract carriers, see Noam, Eli M. Beyond Liberalization II: The Impending Doom of Common Carriage. March 15, 1994. September 9, 2002 <http://www.columbia.edu/dlc/wp/citi/citinoam11.html>.

  17. For more on Microsoft's .NET initiative, see: Clark, Judi. Networks for the Future: To .NET or Not. NetAction. 4 September 2002 <http://netaction.org/futures/networks.html>.

  18. At least two class action suits are in progress: Wireless Consumers Alliance Inc. v AT&T. U.S. District Court, Southern District, District of New York. Case # 02 CIV 2637. September 14, 2002 <http://www.wirelessconsumers.org/HTMLs_PDFs_Images/Anti-trust%20Complaint.pdf>. Also see Millen v AT&T. U.S. District Court, District of Massachusetts. Case # 02-11689WGY. September 14, 2002 <http://www.wirelessconsumers.org/HTMLs_PDFs_Images/Boston%20Complaint_Aug23.pdf>.

  19. Kelly, Kevin. New Rules for the New Economy. June 18, 2002 <http://kk.org/newrules/newrules-9.html>.

  20. Hansell, Saul. "Disney to Offer New Internet Access Service." New York Times. October 25, 2002. October 25, 2002 <http://www.nytimes.com/2002/10/25/technology/25NET.html>.

  21. One good resource that follows this issue is the Home Recording Rights Coalition. "What's New." November 15, 2002 <http://hrrc.org/html/what_s_new.html>. Copying is not a new battle, as their Chronology page points out. November 15, 2002 <http://www.hrrc.org/html/chronology.html>.

  22. For one interesting take on this strategy, see Kulikauskas, Andrius, and Ellison-Bey, David. "An Economy for Giving Everything Away." October 17, 2002. November 17, 2002 <http://www.ms.lt/en/workingopenly/givingaway.html>.

  23. Consumer Federation of America. "Public Support For Media Diversity And Democracy In The Digital Age: A Review Of Recent Survey Evidence." October 31, 2002. November 18, 2002 <http://www.consumerfed.org/MediaSurvey10.31.02.pdf>.

In Closing

The author wishes to thank Nicole Parizeau, Judith Cohen, and Audrie Krause for their assistance in preparing this report.

About the Author

Judi Clark, a NetAction Advisory Board Member, has been riding the curl of the Internet wave for over a dozen years. During that time, she has explained, instructed, illustrated, documented, written copy, set context, and provided perspectives for a wide variety of businesses, schools, and clients.

December 2002

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